Philosopher George Santayana famously said, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” Millions of lives have been lost in genocides throughout our world. The Holocaust stands out as the most haunting example of human evil. Yet despite the lessons and warning genocides hold for humanity, denial of history can be rampant. Such resistance to the truth and memory is dangerous. Today in the Middle East, women and minorities face widespread, targeted violence that is ideologically driven. Here you will find fact sheets and answers to frequently asked questions about genocide, the contemporary situation of minorities in the Middle East, and the meaning(s) of tolerance. The materials presented here range from histories of the Holocaust and contemporary anti-Semitism to a theoretical timeline of the concept of toleration to the contemporary persecution of the Baha’is in Iran and Coptic Christians in Egypt.